Tinjauan Ekonomi Islam Terhadap Ekspor-Impor Sebagai Pendapatan Negara Indonesia
Islam as a perfect religion (kaffah) and Syumul has arranged several matters relating to Muamalah, one of which is related to International Trade in the field of Export-Import. When an era full of globalization as it is today requires many countries to be able to access export-import transactions in meeting their needs. Each of these activities becomes Muamalah's problem which must rely on human benefit. This scientific paper uses a qualitative approach to the type of descriptive-analytical research to illustrate the facts and characteristics of the export-import problem in terms of Islamic economic theory. The data source used is secondary data in the
form of export-import reports published by the Central Statistics Agency and the Ministry of Trade along with some related documentation, books, and studies. The results explain that trade is the main pillar in a country's economy, as well as the concepts in Islamic economics. The economic improvement of a country can be seen from the intersional trade transactions in terms of export-import. Whereas what happened in Indonesia was that foreign trade, especially export-import, had not contributed significantly to income, the trade balance was negative. A good trade balance according to Islamic economic theory in the export sector is primarily in commodities that can be renewed, whereas in the import sector it is mainly in the form of commodities capable of fulfilling Islamic maqashid in Indonesian society.
Keywords: Islamic Economy, Export-Import, and State Revenue
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